This is a part of Nascence’s continuing celebration of Human Rights Day 2011.
Here in America we have the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution as our “bill of rights.” But does the global community of humanity have what could be called a bill of rights? One could say so, it started with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) drafted 63 years ago by a group that included the American first lady and human rights advocate, Eleanor Roosevelt. With the UDHR as a foundation two covenants expanded on the international human rights regime: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The covenants entered into force of international law in 1976 once enough nations ratified them and have helped provide guidance to human rights defenders around the world.
So, the “International Bill of Rights” could be said to consist of:
–The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
–The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)
–The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)